Showing posts with the label utilitarianism

Ethics by Numbers

Ethics by numbers:  We might imagine that numbers can resolve an ethical dilemma.  Faced with two inescapable ethical choices, A and B: A will cause two deaths and B will cause one.  B seems the obvious ethical choice.  In the real world, ethical choices are rarely so straightforward.  In fact, even in the hypothetical world the choice isn't so clear.

Ethics 101When I was a student in Ethics 101, Professor Glass presented us with this standard thought experiment. You are on a boat cast adrift at sea with six other passengers. You have supplies enough for six people to survive. There is no hope of rescue. If you do nothing all seven people will die. What do you do?  How do you decide the ethical or moral course of action?  The scenario allows only four options:
Do nothing.Save yourself.Sacrifice yourself"The greatest good for the greatest number of people."I used this scenario in a number of classes for varying reasons: sometimes as a “values clarification” exercise;…